Anti-lock Braking System

Helps prevent wheels from locking up – possibly allowing the driver to steer to safety. Wheel rotation sensors detect when your car’s tyres begin locking up. Then, they rapidly apply and release (pulse) the brakes to automatically keep your tyres from skidding and ensure that brakes continue to slow the… read more


Autonomous EV development company and parent / partner to Roborace. Based in the UK.


Application-specific integrated circuit – An integrated circuit customized for a specific use; for example, a computer vision accelerator.


Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL) is a risk classification scheme defined by the ISO 26262 – Functional Safety for Road Vehicles standard. This classification helps defining the safety requirements necessary to be in line with the ISO 26262 standard. There are four ASILs identified by the standard: ASIL A, ASIL… read more

Assisted Night Vision

Assisted Night Vision captures images using a thermal camera or active infrared lighting and presents it on a dashboard or head-up-display. This increases the driver’s perception and viewing distance during night time. As thermal cameras are quite expensive, these are rare, however – most CMOS based video cameras can detect… read more

Automatic Emergency Braking – Rear

The system automatically performs emergency braking if it detects a person or an obstacle dangerously close to the rear of the reversing vehicle. Automatic emergency braking (rear) is based on rear-facing ultrasonic sensors and may be augmented by radar or cameras because it can be difficult to see pedestrians, small… read more

Automatic Headlight Control

When driving at night or in a tunnel, this system automatically activates the headlights. Outside of built-up areas, it should also automatically switch on the high beams as long as it does not detect any vehicles ahead or any oncoming traffic via the video sensor. This means the road ahead… read more

Automatic Parking System

Automatic Parking Systems are designed to help a driver park. Some perform the entire job automatically, from detection of free spaces to autonomously finding and parking, while others simply provide advice so that the driver knows when to turn the steering wheel and when to stop. Most accidents occur when… read more

Automatic Start Stop

Shuts the engine off when the vehicle is at a standstill, in traffic or at a junction for example, restarting it when the driver engages the accelerator. Automatically managed in hybrid cars, which typically switch to electric-only power at low speeds, diesel and petrol cars rely on either a main… read more

Autonomous vehicle

A vehicle that is capable of driving itself, typically classified at levels 3, 4, or 5 for driving automation.